What Are the Two Species of Elephants?

What Are the Two Species of Elephants?

What Are the Two Species of Elephants?

The two species of elephants are the African species and the Asian species. African elephants are further divided into two subspecies: forest and savanna. There are four subspecies of Asian elephants: Sri Lankan, mainland, Borneo and Sumatran.

African elephants are generally taller and heavier than Asian elephants, and they have larger ears. African elephants have two finger-like projections on the ends of their trunks to aid them in picking up objects, while Asian elephants only have one finger-like projection and a more rigid trunk. Asian elephants have two humps on their foreheads, while African elephants have no humps on their heads.