Turkeys derive their name due to confusion over their place of origin when English-speakers first encountered the bird via trade. Turkeys are originally from the Americas and were extensively domesticated before European contact; even the term "wild turkey" is a misnomer.Continue Reading
Turkeys originate from North America. The so-called "wild" turkey served at Thanksgiving in the United States was domesticated in Mexico 2,000 years prior to European contact. The bird was raised and eaten by Aztec and Maya, among other groups. When Spanish war parties arrived to conquer and settle the Americas, they imported the domesticated birds they found there back to Europe.
English-speakers thought the new bird was imported directly from Turkey, although it only arrived via Turkish territory due to convoluted trade routes. The bird was also considered very similar to the guinea fowl, a bird that was indeed imported from Turkish territory, and confusion between the two birds, both supposedly from Turkey, encouraged use of the name.Learn more about Birds
The albatross has one of the longest lifespans among birds, with the ability to live up to 60 years. There have been other rare birds that have broken this record in captivity, such as a sulphur-crested cockatoo that lived for 80 years in a zoo.Full Answer >
The largest living bird, as of 2014, is the ostrich. An ostrich reaches a maximum height of about 9 feet and can weigh over 300 pounds. Its eggs are 6 inches wide and weigh up to 3 pounds.Full Answer >
The world’s fastest bird in flight is the peregrine falcon. In a hunting dive, peregrine falcons frequently reach a speed of 200 mph. As of 2015, the highest measured speed of a peregrine dive is 242 mph.Full Answer >
Some basic techniques to teach identification include studying the different groupings of birds, observing birds, exploring bird identification resources and learning about specific birds to build overall bird knowledge. Birds are all categorized into groups with other birds sharing similar characteristics. Starting by studying basic bird groupings is a valuable step in bird identification. Ornithology is the official name of the study of birds.Full Answer >