According to Pet MD, veterinarians prescribe anti-parasitic medication to treat ear mite infestations in dogs. Ear washes, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications are used to relieve ear mite symptoms and treat secondary infections.
The ASPCA recommends a course of anti-parasitic medication to eliminate the mites and eggs. Ear cleaning, which may require sedation in severe cases, is also recommended. Pet MD states that anti-inflammatory medication is a common part of the treatment plan, because it eases pain and discomfort. Ear mite infections, according to the ASPCA, often lead to complications, such as secondary infections, which need treatment with a course of antibiotics. Pet MD states that, in most cases, treatment lasts between seven and 10 days, with a check up and the possibility of follow-up treatment two weeks after the initial course of treatment.
Ideally, pet owners should engage in a regular parasite prevention plan to prevent their animals from suffering mite, flea and tick infestations. Spot-on treatments are easily applied to the back of a dog's neck. If an infestation does occur, the ASPCA indicates that such infestations are highly contagious; every pet in the home, whether showing signs of infestation or not, must be treated. The home also requires treatment to kill any mites or eggs living in carpets and soft furnishings.