According to WebMD, depending on the severity of the infection, treatment for a feline urinary tract infection may include medicines and urinary acidifiers, recommend mandatory dietary changes and increased water intake. In more severe cases the veterinarian may need to perform surgery to remove or remedy abnormalities causing the infection or any bladder stones or tumors, apply a urinary catheter to prevent urethral blockage, or induce the expelling of any small stones through the cat’s urethra. If a pet owner suspects that their cat has a urinary tract infection they should see their veterinarian immediately for diagnosis and treatment to avoid potentially serious complications.
If a feline urinary tract infection goes untreated, the urethra could become completely blocked and prevent the cat from urinating. This could lead to a preventable death by way of kidney failure or bladder rupture. Hyperthyroidism and diabetes mellitus are often the cause of feline urinary tract problems, and a certain sign of a feline urinary tract infection is a cat straining to urinate or crying in pain during urination. Bloody or cloudy urine that smells of ammonia, small amounts of urination, frequent licking of the urinary area, vomiting, a hard abdomen that leans to the side and an increased amount of water intake could be further signs of a urinary tract infection.
Once any of these signs are detected, a cat owner should take their cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible for a physical exam and tests such as blood work, ultrasounds or a urine culture to determine if a urinary tract infection is the cause of these symptoms.