Treatment options for a dog in pain include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other pain medications, according to WebMD. NSAIDs reduce swelling and help reduce joint pain and stiffness. The medications are often used to treat dogs after surgery and those suffering from arthritis.Continue Reading
NSAIDs used for dogs include Rimadyl, Previcox and Zubrin, WebMD notes. They are usually safe but can cause problems with the liver, kidneys and digestion. Signs of a dog having a negative reaction to an NSAID are redness of the skin or the presence of scabs, vomiting or diarrhea, decreased eating, and changes in behavior. Some dogs can take aspirin for a short time, as directed by a vet.
Dogs sometimes need pain killers in addition to or instead of NSAIDs. According to WebMD, options include Amantadine, which is also prescribed for humans suffering from Parkinson's disease. The drug treats arthritis, pain from cancer and pain from diseased disks in dogs. Side effects include nervousness and diarrhea. Tramadol is a narcotic that is sometimes given to aging dogs with constant pain. It can cause panting, a lowered heart rate, constipation and an upset stomach. Gabapentin is sometimes given to dogs suffering from nerve damage. It can cause drowsiness for the first few days and is often prescribed with other drugs.Learn more about Veterinary Health