What Do Toads Eat?

Toads eat any prey they are able to catch, including insects, snails, spiders, worms and small fish. Larger toads may consume larger prey, such as mice. Toads and many other amphibians need live prey and will not respond to prey that is not moving.

Toads have little to no teeth, so all prey is swallowed whole. Some species may have teeth on their upper jaw to help hold the prey in place as they swallow it. Though many toads are shown to have the long sticky tongues that most people are familiar with, there are some species that do not have tongues. The species of toads that do not have tongues use their hands to catch prey and force it in their mouths. The amphibians that have long sticky tongues can open their mouths, project their tongue to capture prey and then pull it back all within a second. This is all accomplished while the toad's eyes are closed. Since split second reactions are needed by the toad to catch prey, they need good eyesight. Toads can see a wide range of colors, see well in dim light and see in all directions. Most toads' eyes are large and bulbous, giving them a good view of their surroundings and possible prey.