Tigers are an endangered species due to loss of habitat, climate change, conflicts with humans and poaching. As of 2014, only 3,000 to 4,500 tigers remain of the 100,000 that existed in the early 1900s.
Poaching is the most critical threat to tigers. Each part of the tiger is highly prized for use in folk remedies and traditional medicine, as well as for use as status symbols.
Clearing of forests for agriculture and roads has eliminated 93 percent of the tiger's habitat. Fewer tigers survive in this smaller area, making inbreeding more common and genetic defects more likely. Tigers are forced to encroach on human lands to obtain food, and people often retaliate by killing the tigers. Rising seas along the coast of India and Bangladesh threaten to obliterate the entire tiger habitat in the area by 2070.