Tigers are carnivores, or meat-eaters, that typically prey on large animals such as deer, pigs, cattle and even young elephants. They also eat smaller prey, including birds, fish and reptiles, and they consume dead animals if necessary.
As of 2014, there are only around 3,200 tigers still left in the wild, and most of those live in India. There are five subspecies of tigers, which are all considered to be endangered: Siberian tigers, Indochinese tigers, Bengal tigers, South China tigers and Sumatran tigers. During the past 60 years, three subspecies of tigers have gone extinct: Caspian tigers, Bali tigers and Javan tigers. Though the killing of tigers is illegal, they are still hunted for their pelts and for body parts that are used as ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.