What Is a Texas Brown Tarantula?


Quick Answer

A Texas brown tarantula is a large, hairy spider with a leg span that can reach more than 4 inches and a body weight exceeding 3 ounces when fully grown. It is always a shade of brown. The scientific name is Aphonopelma hentzi, and the Texas tarantula is one of 14 species of the tarantula in this genus.

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Full Answer

Texas tarantulas live throughout the state for which they are named, dwelling in grasslands and partially open areas. In nature, they make their homes under rocks and logs or under loose bark on trees. Their typical diet consists of beetles, crickets, caterpillars and grasshoppers, from which they take only the liquid, leaving behind the exoskeletons. They generally stay close to the ground, but they can climb well to evade predators.

Females produce anywhere from 100 to 1000 eggs that hatch in 45 to 60 days at the end of June each year. Females are known to live as long as 25 to 30 years, while males generally have a lifespan of only a few months after becoming fully grown at about 10 years of age.

These spiders molt several times throughout their lives. The fangs on the Texas tarantula contain venom that is typically not harmful to humans. Other names for this spider are the Oklahoma brown tarantula and the Missouri brown tarantula. This type of spider is sometimes kept as a pet.

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