Over 50 percent of cats exhibit dehydration, rapid breathing, low body temperature and poor appetite when they have feline pancreatitis. Vomiting is a symptom in roughly 35 percent of felines. Cats with pancreatic complications may also have inflammatory bowel disease.
The causes of feline pancreatitis include trauma, infections and drug reactions, but 90 percent of all cases cannot be traced to a root cause. Diagnosing this illness is difficult. An ultrasound may detect any complications, and certain blood tests can confirm the disease, as can a pancreatic biopsy. Cats with feline pancreatitis may also have hepatic lipidosis, which is a feline liver disease. Siamese cats are genetically prone to feline pancreatitis, which can be a chronic disease.
Although treatment can be difficult, electrolyte and fluid therapies are useful measures. Dopamine, which promotes healthy blood flow, can also be helpful. Other medications can alleviate stomach and gastric acid problems as well as vomiting; food should not be given to cats who are vomiting.
Severe cases of feline pancreatitis can lead to kidney and respiratory failure, and can be fatal. Plasma therapy is crucial for treatment of serious cases. Peritoneal dialysis is another measure in acute cases, but this form of therapy is only available through certain veterinary offices.