To create a backyard wildlife habitat, consider planting native plants that can be a source of berries, pollen, nuts, seeds and nectar for birds and small animals. Native plants are also relied upon by pollinators such as bees. Grow trees, such as evergreen and shrubs, to offer shelter for wildlife.
A backyard wildlife sanctuary should also contain a water source. Ponds, waterfalls or even small water fountains create a place for wildlife to drink and bathe, and attract birds that are drawn to its sound. Dragonflies are attracted to backyard ponds that contain vegetation where they can perch and lay their eggs. Consider adding a hummingbird feeder or planting large swaths of red flower beds that can attract them. Butterfly feeders provide a food source for migrating monarchs and other species.
Dead trees left in a yard are the perfect cover for a variety of animals.Tree cavities, as well as birdhouses placed in strategic spots, offer places for birds to nest and raise their young. A wildlife habit can also include a bat house. Bats are pollinators and efficient predators, feeding on large amounts of mosquitoes.
The National Wildlife Federation recognizes and certifies backyard habitats. Its website, NWF.org, provides specific requirements for certification and information about how to create wildlife sanctuaries for homes, school yards and communities.