Softshell turtles are mostly carnivorous and commonly consume insects, molluscs, fish, crustaceans and amphibians, although a few species also eat plants or algae. They catch their food without the benefit of the sharp beak most turtles use, as they have fleshy lips covering their toothless jaws. Softshell turtles are, in turn, preyed upon by a wide variety of animals, particularly as eggs or juveniles.Continue Reading
Softshell turtles are named for their leathery shells, which lack the normal keratin scutes that harden the shells of other groups of turtles. Their bone structure in support of the shells is also much reduced, and their ribs, normally bonded to the shell throughout their length, have free ends. Most of the toughness of the shell comes simply from thickened skin, and these turtles are much more vulnerable to incidental injury than others. Despite their reduced shells, they still have some ability to withdraw their limbs, and some even have flaps of skin that cover their rear legs while withdrawn.
Softshell turtles are highly aquatic species and spend most of their time underwater. They have elongated snouts that allow them to breathe air with minimal exposure, and they also have the capacity to perform gas exchange through their skin as amphibians do.Learn more about Turtles
Painted turtles eat carrion small fish, freshwater crustaceans, aquatic insects, plant leaves and algae. The hatchlings are largely carnivorous and add more plants to their diets as they mature.Full Answer >
Snapping turtles eat fish, invertebrates, reptiles, ambphibians, eggs, insects, small mammals, plant matter, mollusks and carrion. The snapping turtle is an omnivore and likely to eat anything that it can handle. It may even eat other turtles.Full Answer >
Freshwater turtles are omnivores that will eat fish, crustaceans, worms, leafy greens and fruit. Most freshwater turtles kept in captivity will also eat commercially prepared turtle food, although a varied diet of protein, fruits and vegetables will suffice.Full Answer >
Turtles including painted turtles and snapping turtles eat fish, but other smaller turtles with weaker jaws tend to eat insects or eggs. Almost all turtles eat plants on a regular basis.Full Answer >