Sloths live in the rainforests of Central and South America. Two species of sloth live there today: the two-toed sloth and the three-toed sloth.Continue Reading
Both the two-toed sloth and the three-toed sloth are nocturnal and move so slowly that algae has a chance to grow on them. Because of this, they often look grey-green, when in reality, they are a brown-grey color.
Sloths are rarely bothered by predators. Because they are slow-moving creatures and due to the way they hang in the trees with their arms and legs drawn up tightly around them, they remain hidden from dangerous predators such as jaguars. Sloths are arboreal, meaning they are tree dwelling and rarely make it down to the ground; this too keeps them safe.
Sloths are herbivores, eating things such as leaves, fruit and young twigs. Besides algae, they make a good home for other organisms such as cockroaches, fungi and beetles.
Today's sloths are direct descendants of giant sloths that used to live on the ground. These giant sloths were the size of elephants and posed a threat to animals living around them. They had thick joints and huge claws, meaning they were a formidable opponent for all predators. Many scientists, including paleontologists, believe humans were the cause of giant sloths becoming extinct.Learn more about Mammals
Howler monkeys are native to the tropical areas of Central and South America, particularly in the rainforests of places like Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. They spend most of their time in the treetops, rarely venturing to the ground.Full Answer >
Poison dart frogs live naturally in the rainforests of Central and South America and on some of the Hawaiian islands. The frogs are also bred to live in many zoos around the world.Full Answer >
Three-toed sloths eat leaves, shoots and fruit from the trees they live in, and in some cases will also eat small rodents or insects. Their diet lacks nutrition, and they get very little energy from it. It's speculated that sloths move so slowly for this reason. Three-toed sloths digest their food with the bacteria in their stomachs, which have four chambers, and the digestive process for one meal can take as long as one month.Full Answer >
Sloths eat leaves, shoots and fruits from trees and get most of their water from juicy plants. They are called folivores, since their diet consists of buds, tender shoots and leaves of the Cecropia tree. Some two-toed sloths eat insects, small reptiles and birds.Full Answer >