What are the side effects of Baytril in cats?


Quick Answer

According to Wikipedia, common side effects of Baytril in cats include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy and convulsions. Long-term use may result in cataracts. Baytril may also cause seizures among cats with central nervous system disorders.

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Full Answer

Baytril is the brand name of the antibiotic enrofloxacin, which is demonstrated to have a broad range of efficacy against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. PetMD points out that Baytril is administered for ear and skin infections and is effective against the Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus bacteria. Baytril works by preventing bacteria from transcribing DNA, effectively killing it.

Baytril's website recommends treating cats with no more than five milligrams per kilogram of body weight. After conducting a study observing the effects of enrofloxacin, the Bayer company concluded that cats given a higher dosage suffered from retinal toxicity with lesions, vomiting and depression. In some cases, Baytril-induced blindness has been reversed once the cat was taken off its medication. It is not recommended that cats take Baytril for longer than 30 days. Baytril should be given once daily on an empty stomach. Baytril should not be administered to pregnant animals and should be given to cats only under the guidance of an experienced veterinarian. There is little evidence to suggest that dogs react similarly to higher dosages.

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