Siberian tigers, also known as Amur tigers, were almost made extinct by hunting and remain endangered due to poaching and habitat destruction. Black markets fuel the problem, since they are prized for use in traditional Chinese medicine and as trophies.
Once a population of thousands, wild Siberian tigers reached a low of fewer than 40 individuals by the 1940s. After Russia granted them full protection, however, their numbers increased, and by the 1980s, they had reached 500 individuals. As of 2014, researchers believe their population to have stabilized between 400 and 500. Unfortunately, however, since the fall of the Soviet Union, poaching and illegal logging activity has increased, threatening these cats' lives and home.