What Is the Sequence of the Passage of Air Into and Out of a Frog?

Frogs breathe mainly by expanding their throat and opening their nostrils to allow air in, then contracting their throat to force the air into their lungs. Once the oxygen has been absorbed, the frog expands its throat to allow carbon dioxide from its lungs to its mouth, then opens its nostrils to let the carbon dioxide escape.

Since frogs originate as tadpoles, they initially breathe underwater and only grow lungs at a later stage. Due to this late transition, frogs don't have many of the muscles and bones typically used for breathing, such as ribs or a diaphragm. Ribs and a diaphragm are necessary for expanding the chest and decreasing pressure in the lungs to let air in, so frogs need another method to utilize their lungs.

Along with the expansion of the throat, frogs also breathe with their skin. Their skin is membranous, containing a whole network of blood vessels called capillaries. Air gets trapped by the membranes in the skin, and the respiratory gas is diffused to all the capillaries and then taken within the body. This breathing process is necessary while frogs transition from having gills to having lungs. The process remains useful for whenever they are submerged in a substance, which is common in their natural habitat.