The diet of sea turtles varies by species and size. Some are generalists that consume fish, jellyfish and crustaceans, while others feed exclusively on a single prey, such as sponges. While adult sea turtles are only vulnerable to large sharks and similar predators, the eggs and young are eaten by a wide variety of predators. Sea gulls, raccoons, skunks, dogs and crabs consume eggs and newly hatched sea turtles.Continue Reading
Loggerhead sea turtles have very large heads, which help them crush well-protected prey, such as conchs and whelks. Leatherbacks, which are the world’s largest sea turtle species, have sharp beaks that help them catch jellyfish. Green sea turtles are herbivores that primarily consume sea grasses and related plants. However, young green sea turtles subsist primarily on small animals, such as crustaceans and hydrozoans. Flatback and olive ridley sea turtles are opportunistic omnivores that consume a variety of plants and animals. Kemp's ridley eat crabs, fish, jellies, shrimp and molluscs.
Tiger sharks are well-documented predators of sea turtles, although other large species consume them as well. Killer whales have been documented catching large leatherback sea turtles. Nevertheless, hatchlings are at the greatest risk. According to Sea World, predators eat approximately 90 percent of the eggs and young in each sea turtle nest.Learn more about Turtles
While it's difficult to determine the exact lifespan of a particular species of sea turtle, some sea turtles have been known to live 50 years or more. They have a similar lifespan to humans.Full Answer >
Green sea turtles have habitats on land for nesting and habitats in shallow and open water areas of the ocean. Female green turtles use beaches to nest. Because sea turtles are an endangered species, part of some beaches close off to protect hatching grounds when females are nesting.Full Answer >
While the number varies by species, sea turtles lay between 50 and 200 eggs in each nest and build three to seven nests each mating season. In eastern Florida, sea turtles lay 150,000 pounds of eggs, each about the size of a ping-pong ball, in a 20-mile stretch of sand.Full Answer >
The number of eggs turtles lay varies significantly by species. For instance, different kinds of sea turtles lay between 50 and 200 eggs. These eggs resemble ping pong balls but have soft shells. The female deposits the eggs on shore in a sandy pit she has dug with her flippers.Full Answer >