The scientific name for tiger is Panthera tigris. The tiger is the largest cat on Earth, and is recognized for its beautiful orange coat with white markings and black stripes.
There are about 6 subspecies of tiger extant. Three of these are the Bengal tiger, Panthera tigris, the Siberian or Amur tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, and the Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae. The tiger is endangered throughout its subspecies.
Tigers need access to water, large prey and sufficient cover. Tigers are nocturnal hunters, and while their usual prey are deer and wild pigs, tigers have also been known to eat carrion.