The scientific name for the red wolf is Canis rufus. This wolf species was identified and classified in 1851, and it only exists in North Carolina and Canada.
The red wolf has been an endangered species since 1982. It was moved to the critically endangered species list in 1996 and remains there as of 2015. In North Carolina, the population of red wolves stands at around 150, with around 50 of these being breeding adults. The population is slowly increasing and there have been a few red wolves spotted in Ontario, Canada in recent years. The species population is unknown outside North Carolina, where it was reintroduced in 1987.