Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern.Continue Reading
African elephants are labeled differently, depending on whether they inhabit the savannas of east and South Africa, in which case they are named Loxodonta africana africana, or the forests of central and western Africa (in which case they are Loxodonta africana cyclotis).
Asian elephants, meanwhile, are classified as Elephas maximus maximus if from Sri Lanka, Elephas maximus indicus if from the mainland, Elephas maximus borneensis if from Borneo and Elephas maximus samatranus if from Sumatra.Learn more about Elephants
According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.Full Answer >
Characterized by their long trunks and large ears, elephants are the largest land-living mammals in the world. There are two types of elephants: African and Asian elephants. Elephants have no natural predators; human development and poachers present the largest threats to the elephant population.Full Answer >
Mature killer whales are typically longer and lighter than elephants. On average, killer whales weigh up to 6 tons, or 12,000 pounds, while an average male elephant can weigh up to 7.5 tons, or 15,000 pounds. Killer whales are 23-32 feet long, and elephants range in height from 8 to 13 feet.Full Answer >
Because of their size, adult elephants, including the African elephant, are classified as having no natural enemies. However, elderly, sick or baby elephants can fall prey to other animals, such as lions and crocodiles.Full Answer >