The sand cat, also known as the sand dune cat, is a feline belonging to the margarita species that is found in the deserts of Southwest Asia, Central Asia and North Africa. According to Wikipedia, as of June 2009, only 200 cats were alive in captivity.
The sand cat is primarily a nocturnal hunter that uses digging as a means of finding its food. The rare cats have two litters per year, generally during the months of March and April and then again in October. The sand dune cat reaches lengths of 29 to 36 inches, heights of 10 to 12 inches and weighs 4 to 8 pounds.