Salamanders typically dwell in moist habitats. They live in or near bodies of water such as creeks, ponds and brooks. Their moist skin makes them reliant on wetland habitats, and they tend to appear under some form of protection, such as damp ground, rocks or logs.
Some species of salamanders spend their entire lives in water, while others do so only periodically. Some species are land dwellers. Cool, damp forests provide an ideal habitat for salamanders because the mineral-rich soil and plant life found there are rich in invertebrates that provide food sources.
As of 2015, many salamander populations are on the decline and have decreased dramatically due to the destruction of wetland habitats. Some species are threatened, while others are endangered.