What Is a Saint Bernese Mountain Dog?


Quick Answer

The Saint Bernese Mountain dog is a cross between the Saint Bernard and the Bernese Mountain Dog. It has a long, silky coat and is black with rust and white colored markings.

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Full Answer

The Saint Bernese Mountain dog is native to Switzerland where it was used as a farm dog. It is one of four breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps. Saint Bernese Mountain dogs grow 23 to 27 1/2 inches in height and weigh 65 to 120 pounds. They have a lifespan of 7 to 10 years. Saint Bernese Mountain dogs have a thick, long coat that sheds heavily in the spring and fall and requires frequent brushing. They should be bathed four to five times a year.

Saint Bernese Mountain dogs are reserved with strangers and gentle with children. They socialize well with other dogs and pets. Saint Bernese Mountain dogs can live outdoors in cold climates, but they cannot live outside alone. They require moderate daily exercise to remain healthy.

Saint Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to von Willebrand's Disease, hypomyelination, allergies, hypothyroidism, hepatocerebellar degeneration and progressive retinal atrophy. They may also suffer from minor diseases such as cataract, sub-aortic stenosis, entropion and ectropion. Saint Bernese Mountain dogs have a higher rate of fatal cancer than other breeds.

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