Among the vegetables that are safe for dogs to consume include potatoes, sweet potatoes, asparagus, carrots, peas and green beans. The vegetables may be served raw, cooked, boiled, steamed, grilled or dehydrated, but it would not be advisable to add salt, as dogs do not really care much for a salty taste and it would not be good for dogs with heart problems.
Dogs in general do not need additional vegetables in their diet, according to an article on the pets page of WebMD. If the dog is given dog food that has the stamp of approval of the Association of American Feed Control Officials, it means that the dog food will give the dog a balanced diet. However, adding vegetables to a dog's diet has a number of benefits.
Vegetables benefit dogs in several ways, such as adding fiber to their diet, which will promote healthy digestion; it can likewise help overweight dogs to lose a few pounds. Other vegetables that are safe for dogs to eat include broccoli florets, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and edamame.
Some fruits and vegetables are toxic to dogs and sometimes can even be fatal. Fruits such as grapes and raisins can cause kidney damage in a dog, which can soon lead to death. Owners should also be wary of giving dogs vegetables such as garlic, onion, chives, rhubarb, green potatoes and mushrooms, as these are dangerous to dogs when consumed.