A tricolor border collie has a coat of white, tan and any other color. A tricolor border collie is sometimes called a tanpoint border collie because of its tan eyespots, tan cheek spots and tan markings on the legs.
Border collies are native to Northumberland and were originally used to gather and control sheep. Border collies grow 18 to 22 inches in height and weigh 30 to 45 pounds. They have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. Border collies have a double coat that is weather-resistant. The coat can be short and sleek or coarse and rough. Short and sleek coats are typically about 1 inch long, and course and rough coats are about 3 inches long. Border collies' coats should be brushed every week to prevent matting and minimize shedding. Border collies should receive a bath every four months or when they get very dirty, and their teeth require brushing two to three times a week.
Border collies are prone to hip dysplasia, progressive and retinal atrophy, epilepsy, collie eye anomaly, allergies and asteochrondosis. Hip dysplasia occurs when the thigh bone doesn't fit well in the hip joint and can cause the dogs to develop arthritis. Progressive retinal atrophy is the gradual deterioration of the retina and causes loss of vision.