Rhinos are native to sub-Saharan Africa and to southern Asia. The two African species have very different habitat preferences. The three extant Asian species are also divided between grassland and jungle habitats.
The black rhino of Africa lives in dense woodlands and is mainly found in the south and west. The African white rhino lives in slightly more northern habitats, with some overlap. Both species may graze in the savanna, but white rhinos prefer the open savanna while the black rhino occasionally forages in grassy woodlands. Indian rhinos are also a grassland-dwelling species, living in the foothills of the Himalayas. Sumatran and Javan rhinos are forest animals. The Javan rhino especially prefers wetlands and rainforests with rich water supplies. Sumatran rhinos also dwell in rainforests, but unlike Javan rhinos, they can live in areas without direct access to wallows or streams.