The red squirrel has a reddish back and white belly and is about half the size of a gray squirrel. The body is 11 to 13 inches long, and the tail adds another 4 or 5 inches. The red squirrel lives in forests in the northern half of North America.
The red squirrel eats seeds, nuts and mushrooms and buries some of the seeds and nuts for future meals. Sometimes a foot-high mound of hulls, husks and shredded cones is left after the red squirrel eats. Vocalizations include chatterings, growls, screeches and whistles. The red squirrel's predators include bobcats, coyotes, hawks, cats, foxes and weasels. On average, red squirrels live for five years although only 25 percent of these animals live through their first year.