Red-eyed tree frogs are carnivorous, preferring insects but occasionally eating smaller frogs. Tadpoles eat fruit flies and pinhead crickets, while adults dine on crickets, flies, grasshoppers and moths.
Red-eyed tree frogs are found throughout Central America. They stay close to the water because they need to keep their skins moist. As tadpoles they live in ponds, but as adults they can be found clinging to branches, tree trunks, the undersides of leaves or even inside bromeliads. They feed primarily at night.
Red-eyed tree frogs are named for their distinctive bulging red eyes, which are paired with lime green bodies with patches of blue or yellow. They change color slightly depending on their mood, morphing from a dark green to a reddish brown. Their brightly colored red or orange feet are equipped with footpads that allow them to climb. Their unique coloration is actually a survival mechanism. When their eyes are closed, they blend seamlessly into the rainforest as a predator approaches. When their eyes open suddenly, the predator is startled and momentarily paralyzed, affording the tree frogs a few seconds in which to make their escape.
Although red-eyed tree frogs are not endangered, their natural habitat, the rainforest, is consistently threatened, and as a result, the tree frog population has declined.