Establish a regular feeding schedule for the puppy, give him frequent access to the desired elimination area and reward him with a treat each time he eliminates there. Keep a diary of the puppy's eliminations and never punish or scold for mistakes, as this can confuse and upset the dog.
Potty training involves patience, consistency and rewards. Using positive reinforcement when the puppy eliminates helps establish good habits and strengthen the bond between owner and animal.
For most puppies, full training takes between four and six months, depending on the breed. Smaller breeds require more frequent eliminating and may take longer to train, often up to a year.