Trauma and infection of the incision site are two of the most common complications after a spay surgery, according to Steel Valley Spay Neuter Clinic. In many cases, these complications are self-inflicted by the pet from licking, chewing or rubbing the sutures on the floor.
During the spay surgery, there is a risk of the pet experiencing a reaction to the anesthesia or excessive bleeding, states the Steel Valley Spay and Neuter Clinic. Either of these complications might lead to death. Other post-spay complications include infection in the abdomen, hernias, urinary incontinence, weight gain and adhesion in the abdomen that affects the intestines or urinary tract.
Pet owners can minimize the risk of complications by following the post-surgery instructions provided by the veterinarian and monitoring the incision site. After the spay, owners must limit their pet's activity level, clean the incision if it gets dirty, and administer any prescribed medications, according to the Tampa Bay Humane Society. In addition, pets must also wear an E-collar to prevent licking or chewing the incision.
Spaying a pet is a common procedure with a low risk of complications, which can be minimized significantly by having the pet undergo a complete physical exam prior to surgery, according to Steel Valley Spay Neuter Clinic. However, pet owners should contact a veterinarian if their pets experience symptoms such as swelling that does not subside, vomiting, diarrhea or difficulty urinating, warns Camden County Animal Shelter.