Frogs are primarily carnivores and consume small bugs, insects and arachnids, although a few supplement their diets with fruit. Frogs may feed on larger organisms too, such as minnows and earthworms. These amphibians adapt to life on land and water and consume organisms in terrestrial and aquatic environments.
Frogs, like many amphibians, undergo a metamorphosis as they age. They begin their lives as small tadpoles. As young hatchlings, tadpoles consume a varied diet of small organisms, plants and plankton. Their diets diversify and include larger organisms as they transition to frogs.
The global family of frogs includes nearly 5,000 distinct species. The diets of these frogs vary depending on the surrounding local environment and their unique adaptations. While some frogs maintain a carnivorous diet throughout their lives, others consume fruits and plants. Frogs, like many organisms, have special adaptations to help capture and consume prey. They have teeth in their upper jaws and along the roofs of their mouths, which helps catch and hold prey. Frogs lack teeth in their lower jaws, however, as they generally swallow prey whole. They also have large hind feet and powerful back legs to help them move quickly to catch prey. Long tongues and eyes offering nearly 360-degree vision also help frogs catch bugs and insects.