The poison dart frog has only one natural predator - a snake named Leimadophis epinephelus. Because the skin of the poison dart frog has enough poison to make many other animals sick by just licking it, the poison dart frog has only this one predator who has become adapted to its poison. Termed aposematic coloration, the poison dart frog's bright colors warm other animals to stay away.
Poison dart frogs excrete a strong poison from their skin and are brightly marked as a warning to potential predators not to eat them. Poison dart frogs live in the rain forests of Central and South America where there are over 175 species of them. Poison dart frogs range considerably in color and size, possessing any number of vibrant red, blue, yellow, black or orange markings. They range in size from 1.5 cm in length up to 6 cm. The toxicity of each species of poison dart frog also varies.
The poison dart frog was named by the indigenous people who used its poison at the tips of arrows and blow darts to swiftly poison their enemies. As a carnivore, the poison dart frog uses its long, sticky tongue to catch ants, termites, insects, spiders and flies.