How Do You Perform CPR on a Dog?


Quick Answer

Performing CPR on a dog is similar to the process for humans, combining artificial respiration with chest compressions, but with allowances made for the differences in anatomy. It is also important to perform the procedure only in an emergency and when there is no risk of being bitten.

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Full Answer

  1. Remove obstructions

    Inspect the dog's mouth for obstructions. Sweep obstructions away with a finger swipe to clear the respiratory passage.

  2. Open the airway

    Angle the dog's head back to extend the trachea. This opens the airway to its maximum diameter and allows the free flow of air into the dog's lungs.

  3. Deliver several breaths

    Cup one or both hands around the dog's snout to create a tunnel. Blow through that tunnel, into the dog's nostrils, several times. Watch for the rise and fall of the dog's ribcage, which indicates air entering the lungs in sufficient volume.

  4. Begin compressions

    Position the dog to deliver compressions to its chest. Large dogs may be positioned on their backs, while smaller dogs should lie on one side. Press against the ribcage firmly enough to compress the chest cavity. Large dogs require 60 compressions per minute, medium-sized dogs require 80 to 100 compressions per minute, and small dogs should be given 120 compressions per minute.

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