Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.
Migration also occurs in young penguins, and they usually separate from others when they leave their birth colonies. They may wander for hundreds of miles to find a new home; however, they normally return to the colonies where they were born for breeding.
Penguins are well-adapted to living in the water. Some species of penguins spend up to 75 percent of their lives at sea. While a few penguin species live in tropical areas, the majority live in cold-water climates such as in the Antarctic region.