Penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. Although they are popularly associated with Antarctica, they can also be found in Australia, New Zealand, Africa, South America, and virtually all of the islands located in the Southern Hemisphere.Continue Reading
Not all penguins live on the ice in the extreme Southern Hemisphere. There are many different types of penguins, and some are able unable to withstand the brutal temperatures of Antarctica. However, all types of penguins need to live near large bodies of water because they feed on marine life such as krill, shrimp, fish and crustaceans.
Many scientists believe that the habitat of penguins is being threatened by global warming. As the temperature of the Earth's oceans increases, food sources are becoming more scarce. Many species of penguins react negatively to warmer temperatures. As of 2014, penguin populations throughout the Southern Hemisphere are in decline, according to ABC News.Learn more about Penguins