Penguins do not live at the North Pole and never have. They populate only the waters and coastal areas of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica.Continue Reading
Although penguins are largely associated with Antarctica, they can also be found on the southern shores of South America, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. As aquatic birds, they never venture far from the shore. Most penguin species are migratory and go back and forth from Antarctica to the southern tips of other continents, raising their young on sea ice and on coastal lands until the young birds are old enough to swim.
The 16 separate types of penguins living on the planet have a wide size range. With an average height of 13 inches, the Little, or Fairy Penguin, is the smallest, and Emperor Penguins are the largest with an average height of 45 inches.Learn more about Penguins
Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.Full Answer >
Penguin sizes range from the largest penguin species, which can be as tall as 45 inches and weigh as much as 60 to 90 pounds, to the smallest penguin, which only reaches 12 inches in height and weighs 2 to 3 pounds. There are varying species in between at differing heights and weights.Full Answer >
Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.Full Answer >
According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.Full Answer >