Of the seven species of sea turtles found throughout the world, five are located in the Philippines. There, they are known as pawikans, and their diet is comprised of plants, corals, jellyfish and sponges. Hatchling pawikans eat a wider variety of foods, including larval crabs, fish eggs and seaweed.Continue Reading
The pawikans are a group of sea turtles that includes the green sea turtle, the hawksbill sea turtle, the loggerhead sea turtle, the olive ridley sea turtle and the leatherback sea turtle.
The jaws and mouth of each species of sea turtle have slight differences in shape according to food preferences. Loggerheads, for example, have large, strong jaws that enable them to prey upon conches and other hard-shelled crustaceans. The jaws of the leatherback contain sharp cusps that it uses to spear and hold jellyfish.Learn more about Turtles
Some distinctive features of sea turtles include their long, sweeping front flippers, beak-like mouths, nonretractable head and large shells. Depending on the type of turtle, the shell may be hard and bumpy or smooth and leathery. Turtles come in variety of colors from green to black.Full Answer >
The diet of sea turtles varies by species and size. Some are generalists that consume fish, jellyfish and crustaceans, while others feed exclusively on a single prey, such as sponges. While adult sea turtles are only vulnerable to large sharks and similar predators, the eggs and young are eaten by a wide variety of predators. Sea gulls, raccoons, skunks, dogs and crabs consume eggs and newly hatched sea turtles.Full Answer >
Green sea turtles are the only sea turtles that are herbivorous in adulthood. Young green sea turtles are mainly carnivorous and eat invertebrates such as sponges, jellyfish and crabs. However, they gradually shift to an entirely vegetarian diet as they exit their juvenile stage. The jaws of green sea turtles are finely serrated, an adaptation fit for their diet of sea grasses and algae.Full Answer >
The Cheloniidae, or scute-shelled sea turtles, are a group of seven species with life spans ranging up to 75 years in captivity. Leatherbacks, which have shells covered in tough skin rather than scutes, live at least to 30 years on average.Full Answer >