Humans are the main predator of parrots, hunting and trapping them in the wild for the exotic pet trade. Monkeys, snakes and large birds of prey feed on the eggs of the parrot, greatly reducing the number of parrot births. The destruction of the parrot's natural habitat through deforestation has also greatly affected the number of parrots in the wild.
The parrot is a brightly colored bird known for its ability to mimic the human voice and other sounds. There are over 350 species of parrots living in the rainforests of the Southern Hemisphere. The parrot's diet consists of insects and small mammals, along with nuts, seeds and fruits. Parrots range in size from 3 inches to 3 feet. The smallest parrot is the pygmy parrot; it is the size of an adult human's finger. The largest species is the hyacinth macaw. The parrot has one of the longest life spans in the wild, living to around 60 years old; it is not uncommon for parrots to reach the age of 100.
Besides its brightly colored feathers, the parrot has several other distinctive features. It has sharp, curved beaks for cracking open nuts. Its feet consist of four toes, with two facing forward and two facing backward. This helps the parrot perch on trees and climb the trunks.