The palmetto bug is an omnivorous scavenger that eats just about anything. Food sources for palmetto bugs include food crumbs and organic substances, such as decaying leaves, wood and plants. They even consume mold.
Palmetto bugs eat any type of food matter they find, and usually feed at night. They are most commonly found outdoors and thrive on a diet of organic matter, but may inhabit homes as well. In their natural habitat, palmetto bugs prefer to live in piles of wood, leaves or mulch. In homes, they prefer to reside in tight cracks and crevices. Palmetto bugs prefer to live in warmth, darkness and humidity.
The palmetto bug is one of over 3,000 known species of cockroach. They are a subspecies of the American cockroach family. Palmetto bugs are commonly known as cockroaches, roaches and water bugs. They have the ability to fly, although they mainly move on the ground. These bugs may emit an unpleasant odor. The lifespan of a palmetto bug is approximately 2 years. After mating once, a female palmetto bug gains the ability to lay fertile eggs for the duration of her life. These insects are environmentally important due to their ability to breakdown organic matter.