Netherland Dwarf rabbits thrive on a diet of fresh, high-quality rabbit pellets; the National Research Council recommends an ideal nutrient ratio of 20 percent fiber, 15 percent protein and 3 percent fat. In order to avoid digestive issues, beware of overfeeding the rabbits and keep dietary variations to a minimum. Healthy treats such as oatmeal, fruits and vegetables are served in small teaspoon-sized portions.
Netherland Dwarf rabbits have sensitive digestive systems easily upset by sudden changes in diet. It's important to feed rabbits fresh pellets because this feed type loses nutrients as it ages, increasing the likelihood of disease. Iceberg lettuce and avocados upset their stomachs, as do treats high in sugar or salt. Clean water and fresh hay are also crucial to their health, with a preference given to timothy hay because it is lower in calories than alfalfa. Timothy hay is full of fiber and helps prevent hairballs and enteric conditions. Netherland Dwarf rabbits also eat their own feces, which contains additional nutrients. They require more food in the winter than they do in the summer, averaging about 2 to 3 ounces of pellets per day. However, this amount needs to be adjusted to reflect the adult weight and size.