Although feeding amounts should be adjusted according to metabolism and activity, an average adult Golden Retriever should be eating about 2 cups of premium food each day. It is advisable to divide this between two mealtimes, in order to minimize the likelihood of bloating and excessive weight-gain.
Golden Retriever puppies under 3 months of age should be fed dry food three times a day. Some recommended mealtimes are between 6:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m. in the morning, then at midday and then between 5:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. in the evening. Feeding later than 7:00 p.m. can make house-training more difficult.
When selecting food for Golden Retrievers, it is best to avoid chemical preservatives such as ethoxyquin, BHA, BHT, propylene glycol and sodium nitrate or nitrite, as these may be lead to cancer. If purchasing naturally preserved food, however, consideration will need to be given to the "purchase by" date. Buying less food at a time is a good idea to avoid it spoiling.
It is also important to look at the nutritional value of food. Added sugars, salt and artificial coloring are to be avoided, for instance, while vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins C and E, are desirable.
As a general rule, food fit for human consumption is best, including specified meat products, as opposed to "animal digest." Owners should also keep in mind that many Golden Retrievers are allergic to corn and wheat.