German Shepherds dogs weigh from 22 to 40 kilograms. The females weigh from 22 to 32 kilograms, and the males weigh from 30 to 40 kilograms.
German Shepherds are often used as working dogs. Their intelligence and obedience make them a popular choice for search and rescue missions, as well as for police and military roles.
A well-trained German Shepherd dog is typically friendly toward other animals and children. German Shepherds are loyal to their owners and are wary of strangers. Puppies should be trained from an early age because of their strong protective instincts. The most common medical issues for German Shepherds are coronary heart disease and hip and elbow issues.