The African elephant weighs between 4 and 6.5 tons. The smaller Asian elephant weighs between 3 and 4.59 tons. Male elephants are a bit larger than females elephants.
The Asian elephant, which is found from India to Borneo, has much smaller ears than the African elephant. Only males have tusks, and in some Sri Lankan populations both males and females lack tusks. Asian elephant trunks have one finger-like projection, while African elephant trunks have two.
Both Asian and African elephant herds are made up of females with their calves. Male elephants are ejected from the herd when they reach puberty.