What Are Some Facts About the Mourning Dove?

Mourning birds are mostly found in the United States, southern Canada and Central America. Males generally have the same colors as females. They build flimsy nests that are transparent enough for onlookers to see the eggs.

Mourning birds only flock to the southern part of Central America during the winter. These animals are also spotted outside of their natural habitat zones, in locations including Alaska, northern Canada and South America. They were also introduced to Hawaii in 1963. There are five subspecies, three of which live in North America. All five species look similar. Mourning birds prefer open landscapes, including rural, residential and urban areas. They avoid thick forests, but they dwell in sparse woodlands. These birds also avoid swamp areas.

They are recognizable by their subdued brown and grey coloring. There are black spots on the wings, and the beak has a dark coloring. There are also crescent-shaped black feathers below the eyes. Younger birds appear scaly and have darker feathers.

Mourning birds are monogamous. Both parents tend to the young, and the father incubates the eggs. The female follows the male when choosing nesting locations, but she chooses the best spot. Both parents assist in building the nest, and typical nesting material includes conifer needles, grass blades and twigs. Most nests are found in trees, but buildings, vines and flower pots are other popular nesting locales for mourning birds.