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What are the migratory populations of sandhill crane?

A:

Quick Answer

Most sandhill cranes raise their young in northern pats of North America in the spring and summer, before migrating south for the winter. The exceptions are three small subspecies that live in Mississippi, Florida and Cuba.

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Full Answer

Sandhill cranes are large North American birds whose range extends from as far north as eastern Siberia all the way into northern Mexico. There are six subspecies of sandhill cranes, half of which migrate.

The lesser sandhill crane breeds in Siberia, Alaska and Canada in the spring. It raises its young through the summer months and migrates in the fall to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

The greater sandhill crane spends spring and summer months raising chicks in the northern U.S. from the Great Lakes region to the Pacific Northwest. Fall migration takes the cranes to the southwestern U.S. from Texas to California.

The Canadian sandhill nests in the spring in subarctic Canada, from British Columbia to northern Ontario. It winters in Nebraska.

The remaining three subspecies do not migrate. The Cuban sandhill crane only lives in Cuba and on a few surrounding islands. The Florida sandhill crane's range extends from southern Georgia into Florida, and includes the Okefenokee Swamp. The Mississippi sandhill crane population is very small, consisting of about 130 birds, as of 2015. The entire population resides in Jackson County.

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