Metronidazole is an antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication used in cats, dogs and horses as well as humans. Metronidazole is also used to treat tropical fish, reptiles and amphibians.
This medication is used as an anti-diarrhea medication and is an effective treatment for protozoal and bacterial infections. More specifically, metronidazole is used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea, Giardia infection, trichomoniasis and Balantidiasis, and periodontal disease.
Metronidazole is only available with a prescription from a veterinarian. The drug can be administered in tablet form, oral liquid or injected. When administered orally, it should be given with food to increase absorption. It is safe to use with other antibiotics if necessary.
Metronidazole is the generic name for drugs sold under the names Flagyl, Metizol, Protostat and Metrogel.
As with most prescription drugs, there are possible side effects. Adverse effects from metronidazole may include: labored breathing, hives or other allergic reactions, drooling, vomiting, gagging, decreased appetite, diarrhea, lethargy and bloody or dark urine.
All forms of metronidazole should be protected from exposure to light or heat. The liquid form should be kept refrigerated. The prescribed dosages should not be skipped. If a dose is missed, it should be administered as soon as possible without giving a double dose.