How Many Muscles Are in an Elephant's Trunk?

many-muscles-elephant-s-trunk Credit: Loungepark/Stone/Getty Images

According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.

An African elephant can reach a height of up to 13 feet at the shoulder and weigh as much as 14,000 pounds. Elephants are herbivores, which means they eat roots, grasses and fruit; bark is also a staple of their diet. Elephants do not require a significant amount of sleep, as most of their time is spent traveling and foraging for large quantities of food.