According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
An African elephant can reach a height of up to 13 feet at the shoulder and weigh as much as 14,000 pounds. Elephants are herbivores, which means they eat roots, grasses and fruit; bark is also a staple of their diet. Elephants do not require a significant amount of sleep, as most of their time is spent traveling and foraging for large quantities of food.