The two largest cat breed registries are the Cat Fanciers' Association, which recognizes 41 breeds, and The International Cat Association, which recognizes 55 breeds for championship competition. TICA also has shown divisions for new breeds, which have not yet attained full recognition.
Like all other domestic animals, cats are divided into breeds developed by selective breeding for desired characteristics. Cat breeds have a wide range of coat types, colors and patterns. Cat registries maintain records of registered cats' pedigrees, preserve recognized breeds, maintain breed standards, put on sanctioned cat shows, train show judges, disseminate information about cats, encourage responsible breeding, inspect catteries and promote cats' well-being.