Male mosquitoes live only a short time; the primary activity they engage in is mating. Unlike females, male mosquitoes do not suck blood from humans and other animals. Instead, the males feed only on plant nectars.
Female mosquitoes live for about one month, as long as the climate is favorable and plenty of food is available. Males, by contrast, only live for about one week. Females fly much longer distances than males do, as the males do not have to hunt down sources of blood. During the mating process, males emit buzzing sounds that attract females. Additionally, the buzzing sounds help the male and female to synchronize their flight patterns to allow mating to take place. When two males are too close to each other, they are often unable to coordinate their buzzing with that of a female. Because males do not bite animals, they play no role in the spread of mosquito-borne diseases, such as West Nile virus or malaria.
Reducing mosquito populations around homes and businesses is often possible. The most effective way of reducing their population is by removing any standing water from the area. Female mosquitoes deposit their eggs in standing water. While lakes and ponds are impossible to remove, many species avoid depositing their eggs in such locations.