The male elephant is known as a bull, while the female elephant is called a cow. For the baby elephant, the appropriate term is a calf. A group of elephants is termed a herd or a parade.
Elephants are social creatures who live in groups. The elephant family is headed by a cow; the lead cow is the oldest female. Female elephants tend to spend their lives in the same family. Bulls can join the family, but they do not stay for life; they can mingle with different families. During times of strife, such as the dry season, elephant families join other groups to form a clan.